ಸಮಾಸೋಕ್ತಿಯು ಅಲಂಕಾರಪ್ರಪಂಚದ ಒಂದು ಸಾರ್ಥಕಸದಸ್ಯ. ಪ್ರಕೃತಾಪ್ರಕೃತವಸ್ತುಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ವಿಶೇಷಣೈಕ್ಯವನ್ನು ತರುವುದೇ ಇಲ್ಲಿಯ ಪ್ರಮುಖಸ್ವಾರಸ್ಯ. ಹೆಚ್ಚಿನ ಬಾರಿ ಇಂಥ ವಿಶೇಷಣೈಕ್ಯವು ಶ್ಲೇಷದಿಂದ ಸಿದ್ಧವಾಗುತ್ತದೆ. ಈ ಅಲಂಕಾರವು ಜಡವೂ ಅಚೇತನವೂ ಆದ ವಸ್ತು-ವಿಷಯಗಳ ವರ್ಣನಾವಸರದಲ್ಲಿ ಅವುಗಳ ಮೇಲೆ ಚೇತನತ್ವವನ್ನು ಆರೋಪಿಸುವ ಮೂಲಕ ಮತ್ತೂ ಆಕರ್ಷಕವಾಗುತ್ತದೆ. ಆದುದರಿಂದಲೇ ನಿಸರ್ಗವರ್ಣನೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಈ ಅಲಂಕಾರದ ವಿನಿಯೋಗ ಮಿಗಿಲಾಗಿ ಸೊಗಯಿಸುತ್ತದೆ. ಈ ಬಗೆಯ ಸ್ವಾರಸ್ಯಕ್ಕೂ ಆದಿಕವಿಗಳೇ ಮಾರ್ಗದರ್ಶಿ.

Education and Code of Conduct[1]


I will now talk about a small organization that lived only for a few years starting from about 1916-17. I also happened to be a member of the organisation. The name of the organisation was Non-entities. In other words, 'anonymous.' I don’t know the exact nature of circumstances that caused its birth.


Muniswamy Achar was one of  the frontrunners among a group of connoisseurs at Mulabagilu. He was popularly called Gattanagari Muniswamy. He was a goldsmith. One of his ancestors by name Ghattanna might have probably gained popularity for his athleticism.

Kīcaka’s joy knew no bounds when he saw Sairandhrī. He felt like a person who had found a boat just by chance when he badly wanted to cross a lake. He said, “Sairadhrī! Welcome, my lady! Please come in! Today’s night is going to be a happy one. Come, give me pleasure!”[1]

Draupadī said, “The queen has sent me here; it appears she's really thirsty. I must get her a drink.”

The daily worship of the sun is called Sandhyā.[1] The word ‘sandhyā’ literally means ‘twilight’ but also indicates the prayer performed during the morning and evening twilight.[2] This act of adoration to the sun is generally styled ‘sandhyopāsana’ or ‘sandhyāvandana’ or simply ‘sandhyā.’[3] The word ‘sandhyā’ can also mean ‘the junction between night and day

ಅತಿಶಯೋಕ್ತಿಯನ್ನು ಕಾವ್ಯಲೋಕದ ಜೀವಾಳವೆಂದೇ ಆನಂದವರ್ಧನನು ಆದರಿಸಿದ್ದಾನೆ. ಅಧ್ಯವಸಾಯ ಅಥವಾ ಮಿಗಿಲಾದ ಕಲ್ಪನೆಯೇ ಇದರ ಹೃದಯ. ಕವಿಪ್ರತಿಭೆಯು ಸಾದೃಶ್ಯ-ಸಂಭಾವ್ಯಗಳ ಗಡಿಗಳನ್ನೂ ಮೀರಿ ನಿರಂಕುಶವಾಗಿ ಅಪರಪ್ರಜಾಪತಿಯಂತೆ ಸೌಂದರ್ಯಮಹಾಕಾಶದಲ್ಲಿ ಅಗ್ನಿಹಂಸಗತಿಯಿಂದ ಹಾರುವುದು ಇಲ್ಲಿಯ ಸ್ವಾರಸ್ಯ. ಯಾವುದೇ ಅಲಂಕಾರದಲ್ಲಿ ಇಂಥ ಸೀಮೋಲ್ಲಂಘನಸತ್ತ್ವವಿಲ್ಲದಿದ್ದಲ್ಲಿ ಅದು ಹೊಳಪಿಲ್ಲದ ಒಡವೆಯಾಗಿ, ಅದನ್ನು ತೊಡಿಸಿಕೊಂಡ ಕಾವ್ಯವನಿತೆಗೆ ಬರಿಯ ಭಾರವಾಗಿ ತೋರದಿರದು. ಈ ಶಕ್ತಿಯನ್ನು “ಚಮತ್ಕಾರ”ವೆಂದೂ ಹೇಳಬಹುದು.

Guru Gobind Singh

Deeply pained at the persecution and suffering of his children and followers, Gobind Singh decided to form a separate sect in order to fight the Mughals. This was how the Khalsa Panth was born: to protect the Hindu people who were following their tradition peacefully. In Gobind Singh’s own words:

Chidiyon se mein baaz banaaoon |
Savva laakh se ek ladhaaoon ||

I will make hawks out of sparrows |
I will fight lakhs of soldiers alone ||

Sahadeva entered Virāṭa’s court in the guise of a cowherd. “O king! I tended the cows of the Pāṇḍavas. I don’t know where they are now. I’ve come looking for employment at your court. I do not wish to seek refuge in anyone else but you.”

Virāṭa said, “Revered one! You appear to be a brāhmaṇa or a kṣatriya. You’re so handsome, you don’t have any features of a cowherd. What are you skilled at? What kind of work do you wish to do in my kingdom? How much do you expect me to pay you?”