ಭಾರತೀಯಕಾವ್ಯಮೀಮಾಂಸೆಯ ಪರಂಪರೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಮೌಲಿಕತತ್ತ್ವಗಳ ಆವಿಷ್ಕಾರ ಮತ್ತು ನಿರೂಪಣೆಗಳು ಭರತ, ಆನಂದವರ್ಧನ, ಅಭಿನವಗುಪ್ತ, ಕುಂತಕ ಮುಂತಾದ ಪಥಪ್ರದರ್ಶಕರಿಂದ ಆದ ಬಳಿಕ ಇವುಗಳ ಆಧಾರದ ಮೇಲೆ ಸಾಕಷ್ಟು ಸಂಗ್ರಹ, ಪರಿಷ್ಕಾರ, ಸ್ಪಷ್ಟೀಕರಣಾದಿಗಳು ಮಮ್ಮಟ, ರುಯ್ಯಕ, ವಿಶ್ವನಾಥ, ಜಗನ್ನಾಥರಂಥವರ ಮೂಲಕ ಆಯಿತು. ಪ್ರಾಚೀನರಾದ ದಂಡಿ, ಭಾಮಹ, ರುದ್ರಟರಂತೆ ಇವರ ಪರವರ್ತಿಗಳಾದ ಭೋಜ, ಮಹಿಮಭಟ್ಟ, ಶಾರದಾತನಯ ಮುಂತಾದವರೂ ಹಲಕೆಲವು ಮೌಲಿಕಸಂಗತಿಗಳನ್ನು ಕಾಲಕಾಲಕ್ಕೆ ನೀಡುತ್ತಲೇ ಬಂದರು. ಇವೆಲ್ಲ ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತಭಾಷೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಪಾಶ್ಚಾತ್ಯಪ್ರಪಂಚದ ಸಂಪರ್ಕಕ್ಕೆ ಮುನ್ನ ಆದ ಬೆಳೆವಣಿಗೆಗಳು.

I haven’t come across anyone who has described in detail the services rendered to Kannada literature by the doyen of drama, Nāṭaka Śiromaṇi A V Varadacharya. The plays that he produced never saw publication – i.e. they were never printed as books. Words are inadequate to describe the charm of his scripts, songs, and poems. I used to marvel when I would hear how flawless, rich with emotions, and brilliant his plays were.

Ranjit Singh

Maharaja Ranjit Singh stands in the forefront of this great Sikh warrior tradition. It was Ranjit Singh who reestablished Sanatana Dharma in the North Western regions (Afghanistan and surroundings) of Bharata after the downfall of the Mughal Empire. He was the nightmare of the British.

While at one end, Virāṭa was in the process of releasing the cows captured by Suśarma, at the other end of the kingdom, Duryodhana—accompanied by Bhīṣma, Droṇa, Karṇa, Kṛpa, Aśvatthāma, and others—captured the cows of Virāṭa. Looking at that, the chief of the cowherds rushed to the palace and came to Virāṭa’s son Bhūmiñjaya or Uttara and pleaded, “O Prince! Your cows are being captured; rush, go at once, and protect them! When the king isn’t present, you are verily the king.

“आचिनोति च शास्त्रार्थानाचारे स्थापयत्यपि।

स्वयमाचरते यस्मादाचार्यस्तेन चोच्यते॥”

“An Acharya is one who consolidates the essentials of a knowledge system, establishes them in tradition, and himself observes them in practice”

Vidhana Soudha

The insights of the sort DVG possessed emanated precisely from this deep understanding of philosophy, or more accurately, his realization of Darshana. In other words, when we grasp the nature of the world characterized by name and form (nAma-rUpa), we develop what is known as the tara-tama vivEka—wisdom to grade worldly events and phenomena. In his own[1] words,


I recall an incident when Shivaswami Iyer once poked fun at a group of people, calling them ‘Dharma-dhvajas.’ This was during one of his lectures at the Lions’ Institute in Bangalore. “A person who wants to help others—i.e., who wants to perform acts of dharma—and also wishes to make his humanitarian service known to the public is called a dharma-dhvaja by Manu. Basically, he wants his flag (dhvaja) of ‘dharma’ flying high at all times and that people should notice it.

Indian Freedom Struggle

Writing just four years after India attained independence, DVG characterizes[1] our freedom from British rule as a “fruit” endowed with a “sour taste.” But more bluntly,

"It's better to wear out than to rust out", Swami Vivekananda used to often say. True to these words, having worked tirelessly for over a decade, his body began to wear out by his late thirties. Diabetes, obesity and related complications made his health most precarious. There was a condition of general dropsy with his feet especially swollen, making it difficult for him to walk. His body became so sensitive that the slightest touch would cause him acute pain. Sleep was hard to come.