ಶಂಕರ ಮತ್ತು ಆನಂದವರ್ಧನ - 3

ನಿರ್ಗುಣಬ್ರಹ್ಮ-ಸಗುಣಬ್ರಹ್ಮ, ಧ್ವನಿ-ಗುಣೀಭೂತವ್ಯಂಗ್ಯ

ಶಂಕರ ಮತ್ತು ಆನಂದವರ್ಧನರ ಸಿದ್ಧಾಂತಗಳಿಗಿರುವ ಸರ್ವಸಮನ್ವಯದೃಷ್ಟಿ ಮತ್ತೂ ಒಂದು ಅಂಶದಲ್ಲಿದೆ. ಅದು ಬ್ರಹ್ಮಕ್ಕೆ ಸಗುಣತ್ವ ಮತ್ತು ನಿರ್ಗುಣತ್ವಗಳೆಂಬ ಎರಡು ಸ್ತರಗಳ ಕಲ್ಪಿಸುವಿಕೆ ಹಾಗೂ ವ್ಯಂಜನಾವ್ಯಾಪಾರದ ಪ್ರಾಧಾನ್ಯ ಮತ್ತು ಅಪ್ರಾಧಾನ್ಯಗಳಿಗೆ ಅನುಸಾರವಾಗಿ ವ್ಯಂಗ್ಯ ಮತ್ತು ಗುಣೀಭೂತವ್ಯಂಗ್ಯ ಎಂಬ ಎರಡು ಹಂತಗಳ ರೂಪಿಸುವಿಕೆಯನ್ನು ಕುರಿತಿದೆ.[1]

ಶಂಕರ ಮತ್ತು ಆನಂದವರ್ಧನ

ವೇದಾಂತಾರ್ಥತದಾಭಾಸಕ್ಷೀರನೀರವಿವೇಕಿನಮ್ |

ನಮಾಮಿ ಭಗವತ್ಪಾದಂ ಪರಹಂಸಧುರಂಧರಮ್ || (ಅಮಲಾನಂದ)

ಧ್ವನಿನಾತಿಗಭೀರೇಣ ಕಾವ್ಯತತ್ತ್ವನಿವೇಶಿನಾ |

ಆನಂದವರ್ಧನಃ ಕಸ್ಯ ನಾಸೀದಾನಂದವರ್ಧನಃ || (ರಾಜಶೇಖರ)

Ch. 2 Yoga of Discernment of Reality (Part 9)

The Characteristics of a Knower

The teaching must have affected Arjuna a wee bit. He asks, “You mentioned about the state of being in samādhi and talked about a sthitaprajña (one of steady wisdom). What are his characteristics? How does he speak?” Bhagavān enumerates the marks of a knower which forms the education of a seeker. The nineteen ślokas from the 54th to 72nd were apparently Mahatma Gandhi’s favourites. These ślokas are useful for contemplation and practice. 

Ch. 2 Yoga of Discernment of Reality (Part 8)

There are several tiers of instruction in the Bhagavad-gītā from the level of "patraṃ puṣpaṃ phalaṃ toyam" (offering a leaf, flower, fruit or water) to the level of nistraiguṇya (being beyond the three qualities). Not all of us can follow these teachings at all times. It is like a library wherein we select what we need. Though there are hundreds of lessons, it is up to us to choose what fits us. One’s itch cannot be relieved by another person. Only the experiencer knows what and where the itch is. 

Ch. 2 Yoga of Discernment of Reality (Part 6)

Dharma is a word not used just by the vaidikas but also employed reverently by the Buddhists and Jains. The vaidikas have employed this term in different śāstras and as part of different terminologies. Śrī Śaṅkara gives the following meaning:

jagataḥ sthiti-kāraṇam prāṇināṃ sākṣād-abhyudaya-niḥśreyasa hetuḥ yaḥ sa dharmaḥ...
Śāṅkara-gītā-bhāṣya upodghāta

The system and set of acts that bestows

(i) Welfare upon beings in the world now and