Note vivarisidenidāṃ pūrvadi vivasvataṃgeṃdu Kṛṣṇanoreyal Pārthaṃ। avatāraṃgaḻadeṃtene svavapurdhṛti dharmarakṣegeṃdaṃ devaṃ॥ Said Kṛṣṇa to Arjuna “Long ago To Vivasvān, this knowledge I had bestowed”. When Arjuna wondered how it was possible, He said his incarnations were to protect dharma. karmamanivāryamāguṃ nirmamateyināda karmamīśaprītaṃ । karmamayaṃ jagamellaṃ dharmaṃ brahmaprabhāvameṃdaṃ Kṛṣṇaṃ ॥ Inescapable, Karma is; performed...
Why only Svadharma? "One’s own karma performed diligently, even though it may not be the best thing, is better than others’ karma performed in a most satisfying manner".  What then is svadharma? Certain qualities, powers, propensities, and enthusiasm come to some people naturally. Using such qualities, that mindset and those internal faculties for the benefit of the world is dharma. Then, should he be tied to his natural talents? Why should he...
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Human nature is composed of the triad of guṇas – sattva, rajas, and tamas. It is true of the universe also. A man’s inner nature influences his outward behaviour and vice-versa. The essence of graha-atigraha mentioned in the Bṛhadāraṇyaka-upaniṣad is this mutual impulse. tattvavit-tu mahābāho guṇa-karma-vibhāgayoḥ । guṇā guṇeṣu vartanta iti mattvā na sajjate ॥ (BG 3.28) One who knows the principle of distribution of natural temperaments (...
There is another thing to consider. Illustrious people such as Janaka, who are greater than you have all performed karma much before you. karmaṇaiva hi saṃsiddhim āsthitā janakādayaḥ। loka-saṅgraham-evāpi saṃpaśyan kartum-arhasi ॥ BG 3.20 “Janaka and others attained fulfilment by karma only; You should also perform your duty keeping the welfare of the world in mind”. Janaka was a great and elevated soul. Many ṛṣis would send seekers...
Who are devas? Various pictures of divine beings holding a trident, staff, rope, or discus might arise in our minds. These pictures are useful elsewhere; they can assist in meditation. When we are studying philosophy, devas are the powers of creation and nature – great powers of various kinds. The relationship between humans and these superhuman deities may not be directly observable to us. But it cannot be said that they do not exist just...
“When devas are worshipped and satisfied, they give rain and good crops.” It is easy to misconstrue this statement. Will rains cease, or will crops die because worship is stopped? Are rains and crops dependent on human effort? Then, does it not mean that man is more powerful than nature? This is a frivolous argument. If a father says to his scallywag of a son, “If you study well, I will buy you a wristwatch. If you listen to your mother she...
Thus, one who leads life in the form of tapas, yajña, and dāna, does not have to hanker after mokṣa. It is readily available. By leading a life that is dedicated to the divine, he climbs above the duality caused by lust and anger. Gradually he will realize that there is something beyond worldly enjoyment and becomes eligible to see the abode of paramātmā. Then is freedom from karmic shackles. yastvātmaratirēva syādātmatṛptaśca mānavaḥ |...
If we consider the verses between the ninth verse – “yajñārthāt...” and the sixteenth verse – “moghaṃ pārtha sa jīvati” as one single meaningful portion, the meaning might be clearer. The style of the text here is a little complex. Two or three metaphors are combined thus: Kāmadhenu (the milch-cow of desire), jīva-cakra (the cycle of jīvas), brahma-cakra (the cycle of brahma). The topics too are knotty. Food, rain, crops, yajñā, distribution of...
Sat-karma itself is dharma. It is of three kinds: Laukika (pertaining to the world) Vaidika (pertaining to the Vedas) Pāramārthika (pertaining to the ultimate truth) Laukika dharma is what we commonly follow in the world – bhūtadayā (compassion towards all creatures), sadācāra (virtuous conduct), satya(truth), ahiṃsā(nonviolence), śauca(purity), kṣamā(mercy), dīnavātsalya (tenderness towards the wretched), para-hita-cintana (thinking of...
  naranahudu hariyumahuda- ccariyahudu rahasyamahudu rasikanaliptaṃ। pariṇata-laukikanumahudu paripūrṇa-manuṣya-jīvanōjjvala-mukuraṃ॥ He is human and also Hari, He is wonderful, a secret, a rasika who is unattached, He is an expert too in the matters of the world He (Kṛṣṇa) is the glowing mirror to a complete human life.   guruvātaṃ dharmadhuraṃ- dharanātaṃ rājyataṃtri raṇajayiyātaṃ। puruṣārtha-sakalanātaṃ...