Out of my grandfathers, hasn’t it been evident that my third grandfather Sheenanna was very dear to me? But when it comes to him, will I be able to talk about every facet of his nature without hiding anything? Is it respectable? On the other hand, would it be appropriate if I tell only tell about his acceptable behaviour and skip the rest? Forget about being appropriate; will the readers benefit as much as they would have by my writings? This is the apprehension I have.

Every human has flaws, however small or big.

Dṛṣṭaṃ kimapi loke'smin

Dharmarāja went to the Himalayas with his younger bothers and gathered the ingredients required for the Aśvamedha-yāga. He also found large quantities of wealth there. He got them loaded on to the backs of elephants and camels and got his servants bring them to the capital city. Days rolled on and the day of the yāga came closer. Kṛṣṇa came to Hastinagara with his sister Subhadrā, brother Balarāma and several other Yādavas. Uttarā gave birth to a baby boy when Kṛṣṇa was in Hastināpura. Just as was expected, the baby was born dead.

“Kālidāsa composed poems in Kannada”:



देशस्यास्य प्रसृमरकलाशास्त्रविज्ञानरक्त्या

कर्णाटोक्त्या कवनमकरोत् कालिदासः कवीन्द्रः[1]

Here is a verse composed by Naraṣiñyācārya, dedicated towards his teacher.

ಗೋಪೀನಾಥಗುರಂ ವಂದೇ

ಗೋಪೀಚಂದನಧಾರಿಣಮ್ |


ಆರ್ದ್ರಚಿಕ್ಕಪಟಾನ್ವಿತಮ್ ||

I bow down to my teacher Gopīnathācārya, who bears Gopī-candana, adorned with Aṅgāra[1] and Tulasī[2], covered by small wet cloth.


‘Kamala Lectures’

In 1926, the Culcutta University invited Srinivasa Sastri to deliver talks as a part of the Kamala Lectures series. The word ‘Kamala’ that appears in the title of the lecture series was the name of the daughter of Ashutosh Mukherjee, the Vice Chancellor of the University. He had initiated the series of endowment lectures and had donated for the purpose. As per the rules of the series, the person invited to deliver lectures at the Culcutta University was to deliver the same series at another university in the country.

গীতায় কৃষ্ণ একজন “স্থিতপ্রজ্ঞ” ব্যক্তি হয়ে ওঠার বিষয়ে একটি গুরুত্বপূর্ণ ধারণার অবতারণা করেছেন, অর্থাৎ, একজন ব্যক্তি যিনি বিচার-বিবেচনাপূর্ণ এবং অবিচলিত বুদ্ধিমত্তার অধিকারী। তিনি বলেন, “যিনি স্বার্থপরতা বর্জন করে শুধুমাত্র সত্যের স্বরূপেই পরিতৃপ্তি লাভ করেন, তিনিই ‘স্থিতপ্রজ্ঞ’ “(ভ. গী. ২.৫৫)। অন্যভাবে বলা যায়, তিনি অর্জুনকে ‘দেহাভিমান’ ত্যাগ করতে বলছেন, যার অর্থ সেইপ্রকার মনোভাব, যখন জীবনের প্রতি নিবদ্ধ দৃষ্টি একরকম দেহ ও বস্তুভিত্তিক ঘোরের মধ্যে থাকে।

Dharmarāja offered tarpaṇa to Bhīṣma and as he neared the shores of Ganga, he collapsed out of sorrow. Dhṛtarāṣṭra, Kṛṣṇa, Vyāsa and everyone else present there consoled him and got him back to his senses. Dhṛtarāṣṭra said – “Get up, Yudhiṣṭhira! Take care of the things that you need to hereafter. Rule the kingdom that you have won over as per the dharma of the Kṣatriyas! It is only Gāndhārī and I who will need to lament at this juncture. The hundred children that she gave birth to have only become objects of a fantastical dream.

There is another variety of poetic challenges in which every foot of a verse is composed by a different poet. The one who composes the first line has the responsibility to provide enough room for other poets to develop on the idea. Metrical feet should ideally grow in complexity and culminate in the fourth line. Doubtless, all four lines should be self-complete, and the verse, taken as a whole, should appear as a single unit. We provide a couple of examples of this type taken from Bhoja-prabandha.