A note about the translation of verses:

In translating Sanskrit into English, we had to chart our course through a thoroughly challenging terrain. The reason for this is not hard to seek: the two languages have widely differing modalities of structure and substance. Sanskrit bears a stark resemblance with gold: it is naturally radiant and eminently malleable. And in translating it into English—in trying to fashion ornaments of it—we could not help corrupting it! Indeed, this is a problem that bedevils all translations.

ಪಾಂಡವರಲ್ಲಿ ಭೀಮ, ಆಕಾರ ಮತ್ತು ಸ್ವಭಾವ ಎರಡರಲ್ಲಿಯೂ ವಿಶಿಷ್ಟನಾಗಿ ನಿಲ್ಲುತ್ತಾನೆ.  ಕಪಟ, ಕುತಂತ್ರಗಳಾಗಲೀ, ಇರದ ನೇರ ನುಡಿ ನೇರ ನಡೆಯವನು.  ಇವನ ಅಸಾಧ್ಯ ಹಸಿವಿನಿಂದಾಗಿ ಇವನಿಗೆ ವೃಕೋದರನೆಂಬ ಹೆಸರೂ ಸಹ ಇದ್ದಿತು.  ತನ್ನ ಮಗನ ಹಸಿವಿನ ಪ್ರಮಾಣ ಅರಿತಿದ್ದ ಕುಂತಿ, ಏಕಚಕ್ರನಗರದಲ್ಲಿ ಐವರು ಮಕ್ಕಳೂ ತಂದ ಭಿಕ್ಷೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಅರ್ಧವನ್ನು ‘ಭೀಮ ಪಾಲು’ ಎಂದು ತೆಗೆದಿಡುತ್ತಿದ್ದಳು.  ಇಂಥ ಭೀಮ ದಿನ ಗಟ್ಟಳೆ ಉಪವಾಸ ಕೂಡ ಇರಬಲ್ಲವನಾಗಿದ್ದ.  ಬಕನಂತಹ ರಾಕ್ಷಸನನ್ನು, ಅದೊಂದು ವಿನೋದದ ಆಟವೆಂಬಂತೆ ತಣ್ಣಗೆ ಕೊಂದು ಬರುವ ಭೀಮ ಮಕ್ಕಳಿಂದ, ದೊಡ್ಡವರತನಕ ಎಲ್ಲರನ್ನೂ ಮುದಗೊಳಿಸುತ್ತಾನೆ.  ಭಿಕ್ಷಾನ್ನದ ರುಚಿ ಇರದ ಆಹಾರವನ್ನು ಅರೆಹೊಟ್ಟೆ ಉಂಡೂ ಉಂಡು ಬೇಸತ್ತಿದ್ದ ಭೀಮನಿಗೆ ಬಕನನ್ನು ಕೊಲ್ಲಲು ಹೊರಟಂದು ಸುಗ್ಗಿ.  ಗಾಡಿ ಅನ್ನ ಹಾಲು ತುಪ್ಪ ಭಕ್ಷ್

Yudhiṣṭhira – Are there any instances in the past when a king attained siddhi, the ultimate accomplishment, even as he was a householder? And if so, what is the nature of the mokṣa that he attained? Kindly tell me, O grandfather!

The revered Sheshappa and Subba Rao

Both Shri. Sheshappa and Shri. Subba Rao are older than me by a good number of years. Subba Rao also taught me during me school days. Both had cleared their Upādhyāya[1] exams and were preparing for Paṇḍita[2] exams.

It can be surely said that the rejuvenation of modern Kannada literature started during the regime of Krishnaraja Wodeyar III. The mahārāja offered shelter and patronage to several vidvāns (scholars). The scholars in his court—i.e. āsthāna-vidvāns—rendered their service to literature by translating into Kannada great works like Rāmāyaṇa, Mahābhārata, Bhāgavata, and other devotional texts (bhakti sahitya).

Subbanna the Musician

Shri. Subbanna was the music teacher in the girls’ school. During those days, teachers were familiar with a bit of poetry. They were trained enough to at least recognise some of the features/attributes of poetry. When his prowess and enthusiasm was at its peak (1887 C.E.), the golden jubilee of the coronation of Queen Victoria was being celebrated. Probably during that or sometime later, to suit the situation, he composed the following song. He used to teach this for many more years to come.

ಕ್ವೀನ್ ವಿಕ್ಟೋರಿಯಾ