February 2019

Upon hearing these despondent words of Droṇa, Duryodhana addressed Bhīṣma, Droṇa, and Kṛpa: “Karṇa and I have said this several times in the past; yet I repeat it now – when the Pāṇḍavas lost the game of dice, as per our wager they had to spend twelve years in exile in the forest and one year incognito; this is the year they have to live unrecognized by all; the year of living incognito is not yet complete; if we encounter Arjuna now, then the...
ರಸ-ವಸ್ತು-ಪಾತ್ರಗಳು ಭಟ್ಟರಿಗೆ ತಮ್ಮ ವ್ಯಾಸಂಗಾವಧಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ವೇದಾಂತವು ಜೀವನವ್ಯಾಪಿ; ಕಾವ್ಯವಾದರೋ ಸೀಮಿತವೆಂದೆನಿಸಿತ್ತು. ಕಾವ್ಯದಲ್ಲಿಯ ಪರಿಪೂರ್ಣತಾರಾಹಿತ್ಯದ ಕಾರಣ, ಆ ಮಟ್ಟಿಗೆ ಇದೊಂದು ಬಗೆಯ ಲೋಪ ಅಥವಾ ದೋಷವೇ ಎನಿಸಿದರೂ ಅಧ್ಯಯನಸಂದರ್ಭದಲ್ಲಿ ಅನುಕೂಲತೆ ಹೆಚ್ಚೆಂದು ತೋರಿತ್ತು. ಏಕೆಂದರೆ, ವಿಷಯಪರಿಮಿತಿಯಿರುವಲ್ಲಿ ನಿಷ್ಕರ್ಷೆಗೆ ಹೆಚ್ಚಿನ ಅವಕಾಶವಿರುತ್ತದೆ. ಅನಂತರ ಅಂದಿನ ನಿಲವಿಗೆ ಹೊಂದುವಂತೆ ಕಾವ್ಯಮೀಮಾಂಸಾತತ್ತ್ವಗಳನ್ನು ಪುನರ್ನಿರೂಪಿಸುವ ಕೆಲವು ಲೇಖನಗಳನ್ನೂ ಅವರು ಬರೆದರು. ಆದರೆ ಅನಂತರದ ಕಾಲದಲ್ಲಿ ಇವುಗಳೇ ಅವರಿಗೆ ಪೂರ್ವಪಕ್ಷದಂತೆ...
Varadacharya’s Proficiency in Art When we were watching Varadacharya’s plays at the theatre near Kichchetty’s Choultry, I remember what Rangaswamy Iyengar would say about the nature of rāgas used in the plays. I also remember his explanation on the terminologies like viṣkambha, śuddha viṣkambha, and miśra viṣkambha used in drama for indicating certain aspects.[1] By that time, Varadacharya’s acting prowess had spread to the Madras province and...
Basavanagudi
My Introduction When this incident occurred, I was not yet formally acquainted with Shivaswami Iyer. I am speaking of a story that is 45 years old now. Shivaswami Iyer, apparently was curious to know what kind of a person I was, before he spoke of my article [while delivering his lecture at the Madras University]. He wrote a letter to his friend Diwan Mokshagundam Vishweshvaraya to ask about me. By then, Vishweshvaraya had retired from his post...
yadihAsti tadanyatra yannEhAsti na tat kvacit || (Adi Parva: 56:33)  That which exists in the Mahabharata exists everywhere in the world.That which is not in the Mahabharata does not exist anywhere else. Such laudatory exclamations, and the eulogies of the greatness of Bhagavan Veda Vyasa, the architect of Indian culture and civilization, are plentiful. Even if we regard the Mahabharata merely as a work of literature, it continues to stand...
আমাদের অনেকের কাছেই কৃষ্ণ হলেন হিন্দুধর্মাদর্শের প্রতীক। তাঁর প্রতিটি চিন্তাধারায়, বাণীতে ও কর্মে হিন্দুমতাদর্শ প্রতিফলিত হয়। তাই এতে এমন কিছু আশ্চর্য লাগেনা, যখন দেখা যায় যে, ভারতযুদ্ধকালীন অর্জুনকে প্রদত্ত তাঁর পরামর্শ গুলি হিন্দু-ভাবনার সর্বশ্রেষ্ঠ সারকথা রূপে পূজিত হয়। ভগবদ্গীতার বর্তমান রূপ-টির প্রতিটি শব্দই যে কৃষ্ণ কর্তৃক উচ্চারিত হয়েছিল, তা আজ জোর দিয়ে বলা না গেলেও, খুব সম্ভবত এটাই মনে হয় যে, অন্তত গীতার মূল সার-টি কৃষ্ণেরই বাণী। আমরা...
Arjuna ran behind Uttara for less than a hundred steps before he caught the young man’s tuft of hair, bringing him to a halt. Uttara began whining like a person overcome by a great calamity. “I will give you a hundred coins made of pure gold; I will gift you ten elephants in rut; leave me alone Bṛhannaḍā!” he pleaded with outstretched hands. Fear had paled the reasoning and consciousness of the young prince; listening to his words and his...
ಉಪಕ್ರಮ ಭಾರತೀಯಕಾವ್ಯಮೀಮಾಂಸೆಯ ಪರಂಪರೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಮೌಲಿಕತತ್ತ್ವಗಳ ಆವಿಷ್ಕಾರ ಮತ್ತು ನಿರೂಪಣೆಗಳು ಭರತ, ಆನಂದವರ್ಧನ, ಅಭಿನವಗುಪ್ತ, ಕುಂತಕ ಮುಂತಾದ ಪಥಪ್ರದರ್ಶಕರಿಂದ ಆದ ಬಳಿಕ ಇವುಗಳ ಆಧಾರದ ಮೇಲೆ ಸಾಕಷ್ಟು ಸಂಗ್ರಹ, ಪರಿಷ್ಕಾರ, ಸ್ಪಷ್ಟೀಕರಣಾದಿಗಳು ಮಮ್ಮಟ, ರುಯ್ಯಕ, ವಿಶ್ವನಾಥ, ಜಗನ್ನಾಥರಂಥವರ ಮೂಲಕ ಆಯಿತು. ಪ್ರಾಚೀನರಾದ ದಂಡಿ, ಭಾಮಹ, ರುದ್ರಟರಂತೆ ಇವರ ಪರವರ್ತಿಗಳಾದ ಭೋಜ, ಮಹಿಮಭಟ್ಟ, ಶಾರದಾತನಯ ಮುಂತಾದವರೂ ಹಲಕೆಲವು ಮೌಲಿಕಸಂಗತಿಗಳನ್ನು ಕಾಲಕಾಲಕ್ಕೆ ನೀಡುತ್ತಲೇ ಬಂದರು. ಇವೆಲ್ಲ ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತಭಾಷೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಪಾಶ್ಚಾತ್ಯಪ್ರಪಂಚದ ಸಂಪರ್ಕಕ್ಕೆ ಮುನ್ನ...
I haven’t come across anyone who has described in detail the services rendered to Kannada literature by the doyen of drama, Nāṭaka Śiromaṇi A V Varadacharya. The plays that he produced never saw publication – i.e. they were never printed as books. Words are inadequate to describe the charm of his scripts, songs, and poems. I used to marvel when I would hear how flawless, rich with emotions, and brilliant his plays were. I never had the fortune...
Basavanagudi
Aristocracy PS Shivaswami Iyer's lifestyle and eating habits were largely aristocratic. He wanted to have a big house. It was not to have thresholds. The house had to be well lit. He was very particular and quite fussy about the clothes he wore. There were about four-five small tables in his dressing room next to the wall. On the table lay collar strips, neck-ties, pins and hand-kerchiefs. One could also find shirts, wrist buttons and collar...